Access to stable and adequate financial resources is a crucial condition for the realisation of the global goals of intergovernmental organisations(IGOs). In recent decades, alongside global political changes and the evolution in the role of multilateral cooperation, the resourcing and budgetary management of IGOs have also changed. Moreover, funding available to IGOs has become ever more diversified and complex both in terms of its origin and type. This briefing presents selected aspects of the financing of three of the world's largest IGOs: the United Nations (UN), the World Trade Organization (WTO) and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). It presents the size and evolution of their budgets as well as the main contributing countries to these budgets, with a particular focus on the EU Member States. The analysis is based mainly on budgetary data for the financial year 2018.
The text behind the first article provides clear and concise background information on the financing of intergovernmental organizations, with a focus on money flows from states. It also discusses current financing problems for IOs, such as the Trump administrations partial withdrawal from global politics and the increased national tendencies in the world of today.
The next two links follow on these current problems and discuss the impact of the money flows from the United States to the UN. 22 % of the UN budget is made up of money from the United States. Former president of the USA, Donald Trump, did at many times propose cuts to the US-contributions to the United Nations. In the beginning of the Covid-19 pandemic the Trump administration formally notified the UN of its intent to withdraw from the UN agency, the World Health Organization. President Joe Biden and his administration did, however, end these proposed withdrawals from global governance. The Trump administration still constitutes a great example of a government with populist and anti-globalistic views that posed a threat to intergovernmental organizations who depend on contributions from the member states. Even though Donald Trump is no longer president, the populism movements in the world of today are still power players holding on to a great deal of power and their impact can and should not be downplayed. In countries such as Turkey, Brazil, Venezuela, Hungary and Poland the leaders could be regarded as populists. The final link focuses on the populist threat against the international order in general. Even though it focuses mostly on non-governmental organizations (NGOs), the points about the populist threats are of importance for this project as well.
And why does this concern this project that focuses on IOs and the private sector and not IOs and the public sector? Well, if the public funding is less certain than before, the need for IOs to engage in sustainable relationships with the private sector increases.
Author behind the text of the first link: The European Parliament
Author behind the text of the second link: UN Dispatch
Author behind the text of the third link: Council on foreign relations
Author behind the text of the fourth link: Heike Krieger, European Journal of Internatinal Law, Volume 30, Issue 3, August 2019, Pages 971–996.