In this research, we study how pupils and teachers in lower secondary education understand, experience and challenge racism and how education polices aim to tackle racism. Racism is shaping our society, politics and public spaces and there is a need to study how children and teachers perceive and react to racism in the school context since racism has an impact on the lives of pupils.
In this study we conduct interviews with students and teachers and participant observations in two Finnish-speaking and two Swedish-speaking lower secondary schools. We also use survey data with eighth and ninth graders to analyze the prevalence of racist bullying and its impacts on pupils’ welfare. Furthermore, we analyze education policy documents, and the ways racism is discussed and tackled in them. Our research aims to improve the welfare of pupils and promote social justice in education.