Kelsey LaMere and co-authors develop a comprehensive methodology, the Rich Elicitation Approach (REA), for eliciting stakeholders’ mental models for building systems knowledge for natural resource management, based on combining direct and indirect elicitation techniques. The approach is described in the context of the effects of climate change on Baltic salmon.
The REA produced holistic depictions of mental models, was well received by stakeholders, and fulfilled the substantive, normative, instrumental, and educational functions of participatory modelling. However, motivating stakeholders to confirm the accuracy of their models during the verification stage of the REA was challenging.
LaMere K., Mäntyniemi S., Vanhatalo J., and Haapasaari P. 2020: Making the most of mental models: Advancing the methodology for mental model elicitation and documentation with expert stakeholders. Environmental Modelling and Software 124 (104589). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envsoft.2019.104589