Multipath Computation Offloading for Mobile Augmented Reality

8.3.2020
New publication in IEEE Percom 2020: Tristan Braud, Pengyuan Zhou, Jussi Kangasharju, Pan Hui. "Multipath Computation Offloading for Mobile Augmented Reality"

Mobile Augmented Reality (MAR) applications employ computationally demanding vision algorithms on resource-limited devices. In parallel, communication networks are becoming more ubiquitous. Offloading to distant servers can thus overcome the device limitations at the cost of network delays. Multipath networking has been proposed to overcome network limitations but it is not easily adaptable to edge computing due to the server proximity and networking differences. In this article, we extend the current mobile edge offloading models and present a model for multi-server device-to-device, edge, and cloud offloading. We then introduce a new task allocation algorithm exploiting this model for MAR offloading. Finally, we evaluate the allocation algorithm against naive multipath scheduling and single path models through both a real-life experiment and extensive simulations. In case of sub-optimal network conditions, our model allows reducing the latency compared to single-path offloading, and significantly decreases packet loss compared to random task allocation. We also display the impact of the variation of WiFi parameters on task completion. We finally demonstrate the robustness of our system in case of network instability. With only 70% WiFi availability, our system keeps the excess latency below 9 ms. We finally evaluate the capabilities of the upcoming 5G and 802.11ax.