NB! This seminar session is held exceptionally at 15:30-17:00 (UTC+3)
Recent Trends in Inequality and Exclusion in Latin America
In this special event the editor Maria Amparo Cruz-Saco (Connecticut College / Universidad del Pacífico) and two authors, Silvia Borzutzky (Heinz College, Carnegie Mellon University) and Florencia Quesada (UH), will introduce a special issue "Recent Trends in Inequality and Exclusion in Latin America" in the Social Inclusion journal (Volume 10, Issue 1; see the complete issue).
Since the early 1990s, a market-orientated policymaking in Latin American countries was not conducive to securing decent and productive jobs and/or eliminate gender inequities. It served, rather, to limit social investments that were needed to increase wellbeing, social cohesion, and eventually, much needed productivity gains. In the Social Inclusion special issue on inequality and exclusion, the authors use a variety of methodologies to deepen our interdisciplinary understanding of the causes and dynamics of this issue. Professor Florencia Quesada's paper analyzes the multiple manifestations of violence and environmental risks as well as the complex dynamics of both issues that generate more unequal and harmful conditions for residents in Guatemala City. Professor Silvia Borzutzki, and co-author Sarah Perry, assess the evolution of Chile's feminist movement that drove to the development of claims against "the precarity of life," uniting Chileans in a common struggle that contributed to the October 2019 "social explosion." And finally, Professor Maria Amparo Cruz Saco, and co-authors Mirian Gil and Cynthia Campos, show that gender inequity during a woman's life-span in Peru manifests acutely among older persons which raises important implications for policy interventions.
Presented articles in the seminar:
On the Fringes of Urban Justice: Violence and Environmental Risks in Guatemala City (see article)
By Florencia Quesada
“The Revolution Will Be Feminist—Or It Won’t Be a Revolution”: Feminist Response to Inequality in Chile (see article)
By Sarah Perry and Silvia Borzutzky
Gender Inequity: Older Workers and the Gender Labor Income Gap in Peru (see article)
By Maria Amparo Cruz Saco, Mirian Gil and Cynthia Campos
Maria Amparo Cruz Saco, Joanne Toor Cummings ’50 Professor of Economics at Connecticut College (USA) & Associated Researcher and Visiting Professor at Universidad del Pacífico (CIUP, Lima, Peru), earned a BS (with highest honors; published thesis) and Licenciatura both in Economics (Universidad del Pacífico); Graduate Certificate in Latin American Studies, MA (Economics) and PhD (Economics) at University of Pittsburgh. Her fields of expertise include ageing, macroeconomics, pensions, and social protection. She has authored five books, co-edited two volumes on social protection, and published articles in professional journals and as book chapters. Cruz Saco serves on editorial boards, as consultant for several organizations and official institutions, and has held senior administrator positions at Peru´s development bank COFIDE, Connecticut College and Wesleyan University. She was a Fulbright Scholar (2007, 2015), past recipient of the Lenore Tingle Chair in Economics at Connecticut College, past-president of the New England Council on Latin American Studies, and chair of La Latina Network of the Hispanic Alliance of Southeastern Connectitut.
Florencia Quesada is Associate Professor and Docent in Latin American Studies at the Department of Cultures, University of Helsinki. Trained as a historian her research interests include urban cultural history, sustainable tourism, violence and urban segregation. She is affiliated as a researcher with Helsinki Institute of Sustainability Science (HELSUS), Helsinki Inequality Initiative (INEQ) and Helsinki Institute of Urban and Regional Studies (Urbaria). Formerly, she was a research fellow at the Helsinki Collegium for Advanced Studies (HCAS, UH) (2016-2019) and university researcher at Global Development Studies, UH in the Academy of Finland funded project FCITIES: Societal security, environmental vulnerability and redistributive justice in fragile cities of the global South. She has carried out primary research in Guatemala, Honduras, and Costa Rica, and in archives in France, Spain, and the United States. Quesada has published on Central American urban cultural history, planning and sustainable tourism, and violence and environmental risks in precarious settlements in Guatemala. Her book about the urban modernization in San José, Costa Rica received the 2011 Cleto González Víquez Award from the Academy of Geography and History of Costa Rica. Currently, she is writing a new monograph about the urban and cultural transformation of Guatemala City between 1880 and 1930.
Silvia Borzutzky is Teaching Professor of Political Science and International Relations at Carnegie Mellon University’ Heinz College of Information Systems and Public Policy. She has written extensively on social security and human rights policies in Chile, as well as Chilean politics. She is the author, co-author and co-editor of six books. She is the author of "Human Rights Policies in Chile: The Unfinished Struggle for Truth and Justice" (Palgrave, 2017) and "Vital Connections: Politics, Social Security and Inequality in Chile" (Notre Dame University Press, 2002). She is the co-author of "Rent-Seeking in Pensions" (Palgrave, 2016) and "Michelle Bachelet: Una Mujer Política" (Editorial USACH, 2019). She is also the co-editor of "After Pinochet: The Chilean Road to Capitalism and Democracy" (University Press of Florida, 2006), and "The Bachelet Government: Conflict and Consensus in Post-Pinochet Chile" (University of Florida Press, 2010). She is also the author of over 50 articles dealing with Chilean politics, social security and social assistance. Borzutzky is a member of the editorial board of several national and international social policy journals and teaches courses in the areas of international relations, comparative politics, social policy and human rights. She has received numerous Teaching Awards including the Martcia T. Wade Award from the H. John Heinz College of Information Systems and Public Policy in 2012.
Discussants: Professor Anja Nygren (UH, Global Development Studies) & Grant-funded researcher Heidi Härkönen (UH, Social and Cultural Athropology & Gender Studies)