Materials physics

Materials physics is one of the largest, most diverse and dynamic fields in modern physics, encompassing all aspects of the solid and liquids states of matter. This is reflected in the research undertaken in Materials Physics programme which includes:

  • understanding the macroscopic behaviour of various materials, i.e. thermal and electrical conductivity, mechanical, magnetic and optical properties;

  • dynamical studies of materials under influence of electromagnetic field, temperature, pressure, ultrasound, and stress;

  • tailoring materials of importance for nanotechnology, micro- and optoelectronics, spintronics, fusion technology and particle detectors;

  • improving e.g. friction, wear, hardness, corrosion resistance, and optical and electric properties of materials;

  • computational modelling of materials and biological systems covering many time and length scales, starting from quantum mechanical calculations at atomic level and picoseconds time scales and up to continuum modelling and macroscopic times scales.

Cooperation with both the local research groups and national and international research institutes is essential to our research. Scientific competence is based on activities in our own department and on utilization of large international research facilities, such as ESRF, CERN and ITER. Roughly 110 peer-reviewed scientific publications are produced annually.