Pihlajamäki, Heikki: Legal Codification as a Means of Exclusion and Inclusion in Nineteenth ­Century Europe.

In traditional accounts, the nineteenth century is seen as the prime period of legal nationalism and, thus, exclusion. The break vis­à­vis both Europe ́s ius commune past and the present is seen as decisive. This paper will demonstrate that, in countries which never codified or did so to a limited extent only, other legal techiques could equally well be used for sealing national legal spheres off. On the other hand, it will claimed that exclusion of international influences did not succeed particularly well anywhere.